Education Center

Learn more about your diagnosis

Your doctor has referred you to our Skin Cancer Center because the type of cancer you have requires a specialized surgical technique, Mohs Micrographic Surgery, to ensure the highest possible cure rate. Please explore the Skin Cancer Center to learn more about the types of skin cancer, treatment options and prevention tips.


You’ve been diagnosed with skin cancer. Skin cancer may be more than meets the eye.

Not all treatments for skin cancer are equal. Options range from common treatments preferred by many physicians such as scraping and burning (electrodesiccation and curettage), freezing (cryotherapy), radiation, and surgical excision, to Mohs micrographic surgery.

Mohs micrographic surgery is an advanced surgical technique performed by a highly trained specialist. You should be aware of the benefits and drawbacks of each option and choose a treatment that will remove all the cancer, minimize the risk of recurrence, and leave as little scarring as possible.

When considering options, or to understand why previous treatments may have failed, it is important to recognize that the tumor, which is visible to you or your physician, may be just the “tip of the iceberg.”

Cancer cells cannot be seen with the naked eye. Many “invisible” cells may form roots or “fingers” of diseased tissue that extend beyond the boundaries of the visible cancer. Using a microscope to track down the roots of the skin cancer is an important step in treatment. If these cancer cells are not completely removed, they can lead to re-growth and recurrence of the tumor.

Types of cancer most likely to form these complicated root systems are those that are located in cosmetically sensitive or functionally critical areas around the ears, eyes, nose, lips and scalp, or are located in areas where tissue is limited such as the eyes, ears, nose, lips, hands, fingers, and genitals.

For these cancers, common treatment methods are often not successful, because they do not rely on a microscopic examination to determine the extent of the cancer. These common but less precise treatment methods can remove too little cancer or too much healthy tissue. This can then lead to a high rate of recurrence of the skin cancer necessitating additional surgery or cause unnecessary scarring.

If a cancer has been treated by one of these common methods and it recurs, the chances of it being cured when treated again by the same method becomes even less likely. The scar tissue surrounding a recurrent cancer makes it extremely challenging to separate healthy skin and cancerous tissue. Also, there is a tendency to remove too much tissue when recurrent skin cancers are treated again with common methods.

Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of skin cancer in the United States. About 80 percent of all skin cancer cases are BCC, the slowest growing and least dangerous of the three common types of skin cancer. It rarely metastasizes (spreads) to distant sites in the body. BCC develops from the cells in the epidermis (surface layer of the skin) known as the basal cell layer. This type of skin cancer occurs predominately in sun-exposed areas, such as the head, neck, hands, and forearms.

Basal cell carcinoma may have many different appearances. It most commonly appears as a small, pearly or skin-colored bump or nodule. Basal cell carcinoma can also appear as a flat growth, a scar, or a scaling area. Untreated, basal cell carcinomas may begin to bleed, crust (scab) over, and spread into surrounding tissue, leading to more extensive surgery and scarring.